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Guide to Road Design Part 6A: Pedestrian and Cyclist Paths

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Publication no: AGRD06A-09 Pages: 127

The Guide to Road Design – Part 6A: Pedestrian and Cyclist Paths provides guidance for road designers and other practitioners on the design of paths for safe and efficient walking and cycling. The main focus of Part 6A is the geometric design of paths and related facilities such as intersections between paths, and terminal treatments. Detailed guidance is provided on path location, alignment, width, clearances, crossfall, drainage and sight distance requirements. The location and design of paths may be influenced by a range of aspects that need to be considered and facilities that need to be accommodated within roadsides. In particular, designers should refer to the Guide to Road Design: Part 6:  Roadside Design, Safety and Barriers
Part 6B: Roadside Environment. The design of pedestrian and cyclist paths may also be influenced by design considerations and requirements covered in other parts of the Guide to Road Design.  In addition, road designers should also refer to relevant parts of the Austroads Guide to Traffic Management in relation to traffic management devices and requirements that may need to be accommodated within a roadside or may otherwise influence the design.

 


Table of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
  • 1.1 Purpose
  • 1.2 Scope of this Part
  • 1.3 Safe System Approach
2 PLANNING AND NEED FOR A PATH
  • 2.1 Planning
  • 2.2 Need for a Path
  • 2.2.1 General
  • 2.2.2 Pedestrian Paths
  • 2.2.3 Paths for Cycling
3 TYPES OF PATH
  • 3.1 General
  • 3.2 Footpaths
  • 3.3 Bicycle Paths
  • 3.4 Shared Use Paths
  • 3.5 Separated Paths
4 PATH USER REQUIREMENTS
  • 4.1 Pedestrians
  • 4.1.1 Principles
  • Connected
  • Comfortable
  • Convenient
  • Convivial
  • Conspicuous
  • 4.1.2 Pedestrian Operating Space and Clearances
  • General
  • Pedestrian space
  • Reach
  • Visual
  • Wheelchair dimensions
  • General spatial requirements
  • 4.2 Cyclists
  • 4.2.1 Principles
  • Space to ride
  • Smooth surface
  • Speed maintenance
  • Sight lines
  • Connectivity
  • Information
  • 4.2.2 Cyclist Operating Space and Clearances
  • 4.2.3 Surface Tolerances
5 LOCATION OF PATHS
  • 5.1 General
  • 5.2 Factors of Influence – Path Location
  • 5.3 Factors Influencing Roadside Alignment
  • 5.4 Paths in Medians
6 DESIGN CRITERIA FOR PEDESTRIAN PATHS
  • 6.1 Alignment
  • 6.2 Clear Width and Height
  • 6.2.1 Width
  • 6.2.2 Height
  • 6.3 Changes in Level
  • 6.4 Surface Treatments
  • 6.5 Pedestrian Path Lighting
7 PATH DESIGN CRITERIA FOR BICYCLES
  • 7.1 General
  • 7.2 Bicycle Operating Speeds
  • 7.3 Horizontal Curvature
  • 7.4 Gradient
  • 7.4.1 Ease of Uphill Travel
  • 7.4.2 Safety and Downhill Travel on Paths
  • 7.5 Width of Paths
  • 7.5.1 General
  • 7.5.2 Bicycle Paths
  • 7.5.3 Shared Paths
  • 7.5.4 Separated Paths
  • 7.6 Crossfalls and Drainage
  • 7.6.1 Crossfall
  • 7.6.2 Drainage
  • 7.7 Clearances, Batters and Need for Fences
  • 7.7.1 Clearances
  • 7.7.2 Batters and Fences
  • General
  • Steep batter or vertical drop
  • 7.8 Sight Distance
  • 7.9 Bicycle Path Lighting
  • 7.10 Underground Services
8 INTERSECTIONS OF PATHS WITH ROADS
  • 8.1 General
  • 8.2 Ancillary Treatments and Features
9 PATHS REMOTE FROM ROADS
  • 9.1 General
  • 9.2 Path Function
  • 9.2.1 Utility and Commuter Use
  • 9.2.2 Recreational Use
  • 9.3 Intersections of Paths with Paths
10 PATH TERMINAL TREATMENTS
  • 10.1 General
  • 10.2 Terminal Design Principles
  • 10.2.1 Access
  • 10.2.2 Geometry
  • 10.2.3 Safety
  • 10.2.4 Delineation
  • 10.3 Terminal Device Opening Width
  • 10.4 Terminal Treatments
  • 10.4.1 Separate Entry and Exit Treatment
  • 10.4.2 Bollards and U-rails
  • 10.4.3 Staggered Fence Treatment
  • 10.4.4 Offset Path Treatment
  • 10.5 Holding Rails
11 PROVISION FOR CYCLISTS AT STRUCTURES
  • 11.1 General
  • 11.2 Road Bridges
  • 11.2.1 Use of Footpaths on Narrow Bridges
  • 11.2.2 Two-way Shared Use Paths Structures
  • 11.3 Grade Separated Crossings
  • 11.3.1 General
  • 11.3.2 Use of Existing Culverts
  • 11.4 Bicycle Wheeling Ramps
12 CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE CONSIDERATIONS FOR PATHS
  • 12.1 General
  • 12.2 Bicycle Safety Audits
REFERENCES

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