Austroads Publications Online


Guide to Road Safety Part 5: Road Safety for Rural and Remote Areas

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Publication no: AGRS05-06 Pages: 70

Road trauma in rural and remote areas of Australia is a major national road safety problem. Although well over half of all fatal crashes occur on roads within these environments, it has not been until the past decade that road safety strategies and programs have focused on these areas. In an endeavour to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the nature and causes of crashes in rural and remote areas, and to identify measures and future directions that will result in reduced road trauma, Austroads commissioned ARRB Group to undertake a major study into safety in rural and remote areas of Australia. The study involved the analysing of crash data in these environments, a major literature review and consultation.


Table of Contents

SUMMARY
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
CONTENTS
TABLES
FIGURES
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
1.2 Defining ‘rural and remote’ areas
1.3 Objectives of the guide
2 CRASHES ON RURAL AND REMOTE ROADS
2.1 Rural and remote fatal crash trends
2.2 Rural and remote casualty crash trends
2.3 Severity of casualty crashes on rural and remote roads
2.4 Rural and remote casualty crashes by type of crash
2.5 Rural and remote casualty crashes by time of day, day of week andmonth of year
2.6 Rural and remote casualty crashes by light and weather conditions
2.7 Rural and remote casualty crashes by speed zone
2.8 Rural and remote casualty crashes by type of location
2.9 Casualties on rural and remote roads
2.10 Rural and remote casualties by age and sex
2.11 Rural and remote casualties by restraint and helmet use
3 RISK FACTORS
3.1 Behavioural crash factors
3.1.1 Overview of risk characteristics
3.1.2 Crash risk as a function of lifestyle, personality and attitudes
3.1.3 Crash severity as a function of seatbelt compliance
3.1.4 Crash risk as a function of driver fatigue
3.1.5 Crash risk and severity as a function of travelling speed
3.1.6 Crash risk as a function of alcohol consumption
3.1.7 Consistency of risk factors in rural regions: the Queensland experience
3.2 At-risk populations
3.2.1 Local residents
3.2.2 International visitors
3.2.3 Young male drivers
3.2.4 Indigenous communities
3.2.5 Truck drivers
3.3 Vehicle and environmental crash factors
3.3.1 Crash risk and severity as a function of vehicle type
3.3.2 Crash risk and severity as a function of vehicle safety features and design
3.3.3 High-risk modes of transport
3.3.4 Environmental risk factors
3.4 Post-crash factors
3.4.1 Crash outcome as a function of emergency response and retrieval time
3.4.2 Crash outcome as a function of rehabilitation services in rural areas
4 ROAD SAFETY COUNTERMEASURES
4.1.1 Behavioural interventions
4.1.2 Vehicular interventions
4.1.3 Environmental safety measures
4.1.4 Medical interventions and trauma management
REFERENCES

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