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Safe System Demonstration Project Involving an Indigenous Community: Audit and Implementation

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Publication no: AP-R377B-11 Pages: 101
Published: 10 June 2011


In 2009, the Indigenous Road Safety Working Group received support from Austroads to fund a demonstration project – a Safe System audit of an Indigenous community in Australia. The George Institute for Global Health (under the previous title of The George Institute for International Health) tendered for the project in collaboration with the Woolyungah Indigenous Centre, University of Wollongong and the Injury Risk Management Research Centre, University of New South Wales and was subsequently commissioned by Austroads to conduct the research. Members of the Working Group from each Australian State and Territory formed the Reference Group for this project.


An accompanying report Literature Review and Methods presents the literature review and methodology components of Part A and Part B. The literature review proved successful in informing the development of culturally appropriate methods that resulted in identifying ademonstration community that unanimously welcomed the project – the Bidyadanga Community in Western Australia. The literature review identified the need to work together with the successful community both to conduct the audit and develop an implementation plan. These next stages were therefore undertaken collaboratively with the Bidyadanga Community and therefore the results arepresented in this report, Audit and Implementation Plan, co-authored by the Community CEO and Council Chair, Mr Peter Yip.


Table of Contents

Summary
1 PROJECT BACKGROUND
  • 1.1 Project Aims, Objectives and Approach
  • 1.2 Reports Structure
2 BIDYADANGA, WESTERN AUSTRALIA
  • 2.1 Current Road Safety Status
3 SAFE SYSTEM AUDIT
  • 3.1 Scope of Audit
  • 3.2 Safe Policy and Management
  • 3.2.1 Jurisdiction
  • 3.2.2 Inadequate Ambulance Condition
  • 3.2.3 Awareness of Available Regional Services
  • 3.3 Safe Roads
  • 3.3.1 Lack of Footpath for Travel to/from Local School
  • 3.3.2 Cattle-Vehicle Impacts
  • 3.3.3 Unsealed Access Road
  • 3.3.4 Inadequate Lighting
  • 3.3.5 Fatigue Countermeasures
  • 3.3.6 Road Safety Signs
  • 3.4 Safe Vehicles
  • 3.4.1 Vehicles in the Community
  • 3.4.2 Access to Vehicles – Broome
  • 3.5 Safe Speeds
  • 3.6 Safe Road Users
  • 3.6.1 Unlicensed Driving
  • 3.6.2 Child Restraints – Seat Belt
  • 3.6.3 Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol
  • 3.6.4 Speeding
  • 3.6.5 Overcrowding of Vehicles
  • 3.6.6 Bicycle and Motorcycle Safety
  • 3.6.7 Other Risky Driving Behaviour
  • 3.6.8 Fatigue
4 RECOMMENDATIONS
  • 4.1 Safe Policy and Management
  • 4.1.1 Ensuring Culturally Appropriate Information, Dissemination and Sustainable Coordination
  • 4.1.2 Example: Review of Community Ambulance Service
  • 4.1.3 Potential Costs
  • 4.2 Safe Roads
  • 4.2.1 Main Intersection Treatment
  • 4.2.2 Highway Black Spot Treatment
  • 4.2.3 Unsealed Access Road Treatment
  • 4.2.4 Lighting & Alternative Visibility Treatments
  • 4.2.5 Highway Tactile Edge Markings
  • 4.2.6 Potential Costs
  • 4.3 Safe Vehicles
  • 4.3.1 Community Buses and Troop Carriers
  • 4.3.2 Safe Vehicles-Licensing Education Program
  • 4.3.3 Improved Regulation of Finance Industry
  • 4.3.4 Potential Costs
  • 4.4 Safe Speeds
  • 4.4.1 Community Speed Limits
  • 4.4.2 Community Speed Humps
  • 4.4.3 Federal Highway Speed Limits
  • 4.4.4 Potential Costs
  • 4.5 Safe Road Users
  • 4.5.1 Education and Enforcement Campaigns
  • 4.5.2 Potential Costs
5 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
  • 5.1 Staged Approach – Priorities and Resources
  • 5.2 Potential Benefits
  • 5.2.1 Main intersection treatment
  • 5.2.2 Black spot treatment
  • 5.2.3 Reduced highway speed
  • 5.2.4 Alcohol interlocks
6. EVALUATION PLAN
  • 6.1 Scope of Evaluation
  • 6.2 Proposed Methods
  • 6.3 Indicative Budget and Timeline
7 CONCLUDING COMMENTS
REFERENCES
APPENDIX 1: WA LIQUOR LAWS – SECTION 175
APPENDIX 2: MAIN ROADS OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES No 81 ‘FENCING ROAD RESERVES ON HIGHWAYS & MAIN ROADS IN PASTORAL AREAS’

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