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Guide Information for Pedestrian Facilities

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Publication no: AP-R423-13 Pages: 96
Published: 05 February 2013


This review of research, newly published material and emerging practice has identified areas where additional advice and guidance on pedestrian facilities can be incorporated into the Austroads Guides. Greater recognition of the importance of walking from health and transport perspectives, and a greater emphasis on providing pedestrian facilities in road network planning and management, are required. The development of techniques for assessing the quality of the walking environment, and for determining the level of service provided for pedestrians, is also to be addressed.  Recommendations are made for amendments to the text of relevant Austroads Guides, in particular the Guide to Traffic Management, and for the development of a comprehensive pedestrian facilities assessment tool.


Table of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
  • 1.1 Project Objectives
  • 1.2 Project Approach
  • 1.2.1 Scope
  • 1.2.2 Tasks
  • 1.3 Background
  • 1.3.1 Walking and Health
  • 1.3.2 Pedestrian Safety
2 GUIDANCE ON PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES
  • 2.1 Australia and New Zealand
  • 2.1.1 Austroads Guidance
  • 2.1.2 Guide to Traffic Management
  • 2.1.3 Guide to Road Design
  • 2.1.4 Guide to Road Safety
  • 2.1.5 Guide to Road Transport Planning
  • 2.1.6 Australian Standards
  • 2.1.7 New Zealand Guidance
  • 2.1.8 Developments in Australia
  • 2.1.9 Pedestrian Facility Trials
  • 2.2 International Guidance
  • 2.2.1 Walk21 Movement
  • 2.2.2 Pedestrian Needs Study
  • 2.2.3 PUSH Project
  • 2.2.4 AASHTO Pedestrian Facilities Guide
  • 2.2.5 Pedestrian Safety Manual
  • 2.2.6 UK Guides
3 Guidance on Level of Service
  • 3.1 Definition
  • 3.2 LoS Guidance in GTM
  • 3.3 Highway Capacity Manual 2000
  • 3.3.1 Pedestrian Flow
  • 3.3.2 Pedestrian Facilities LoS
  • 3.4 Highway Capacity Manual 2010
  • 3.4.1 Overview
  • 3.4.2 Determining Level of Service
  • 3.5 Local Guidelines
  • 3.5.1 New Zealand
  • 3.5.2 Queensland
  • 3.5.3 Victoria
  • 3.6 Implications for Austroads Guides
4 LITERATURE REVIEW
  • 4.1 Scope
  • 4.2 Sources
  • 4.3 Pedestrian Activity
  • 4.3.1 Defining and Measuring Walking
  • 4.4 Pedestrian Perceptions of Facilities
  • 4.4.1 Crossing Facilities
  • 4.4.2 Signalised Intersections
  • 4.4.3 Safety for Different Crossings
  • 4.4.4 Roundabouts
  • 4.4.5 Route Choice
  • 4.4.6 Walking for Pleasure
  • 4.4.7 Effects of Weather
  • 4.4.8 Pedestrians with Disabilities
  • 4.5 Level of Service for Pedestrians
  • 4.5.1 Addressing Pedestrian Needs
  • 4.5.2 Multimodal Approach
  • 4.5.3 Tools, Evaluation and Assessment
  • 4.6 Summary
5 Revised guidance
  • 5.1 Areas of Need
  • 5.2 Amendments to Documents
  • 5.2.1 Approach
  • 5.2.2 Proposed Revised Material
6 FURTHER DEVELOPMENT
  • 6.1 Considerations for Development of a Tool
  • 6.2 Development of an Assessment Tool
7 Conclusion
  • 7.1 Enhanced Guidance
  • 7.2 Assessment Tool
  • 7.3 Recommendations
References
Appendix A MAPPING OF GTEP 13 MATERIAL INTO AUSTROADS GUIDES
Appendix B DIRECTORY TO PEDESTRIAN ISSUES IN GUIDE TO TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
Appendix C PROPOSED MATERIAL FOR GUIDE TO TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
  • C.1 GTM Part 3
  • Section 2.5.5
  • New Section 3.4
  • C.2 GTM Part 4
  • Section 4.7.1
  • C.3 GTM Part 5
  • Section 1.2
  • C.4 GTM Part 6
  • Section 1
  • Section 4.5.3
  • (References as follows):
  • Section 8.1.2
  • Section 8.2.1
  • New sub-section in 8.2
  • Section 8.3
  • C.5 GTM Part 7
  • Commentary C3.6
  • C.6 GTM Part 8
  • Section 7.5.7
Appendix D PROPOSED MATERIAL FOR GUIDE TO ROAD DESIGN
  • D.1 GRD Part 2
  • Section 1.4.1
  • Section 1.9
  • Section 2.4.1
  • D.2 GRD Part 4
  • Section 8.2.4
  • D.3 GRD Part 6A
  • Section 1.3
  • Section 6.2.1
Appendix E PROPOSED MATERIAL FOR GUIDE TO ROAD SAFETY
  • E.1 GRS Part 1
  • Section 2.3
  • E.2 GRS Part 2
  • Section 3.4
  • Section 3.7
  • E.3 GRS Part 4
  • Section 1.3
Appendix F PROPOSED MATERIAL FOR GUIDE TO ROAD TRANSPORT PLANNING
  • F.1 GRPT Section 1
  • Section 1.3

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